China Shouldn’t Encourage Personal Automobiles
Directions: For this part, you’re allowed 30 minutes to write a compositionentitled “China Shouldn’t Encourage Personal Automobiles”. You should write atleast 120 words, and your composition should be based on the followinginformation:
Owning a car is what most Chinese are longing for. However, once the dreamshould come true, what would the cars bring about to us?
China Shouldn’t Encourage Personal Automobiles
In China, an increasing number of people, with money bulging① out of theirpockets, have switched their expenditure to② the purchase of automobiles. Totheir mind, owning a car means not only convenience but, more important, asymbol of status. However, were the tendency not to be checked③, it would giverise to many problems.
To begin with, a spurt in automobiles would have energy and space bearing thebrunt④ of attacks. In other words, serious shortage of energy and shrinkage ofspace would be the product of automobiles. So in the future not far from now,parks, sidewalks, alleys⑤, everything would go to the automobile. If it istrue that the above consequences are inevitable to the objective world,another impact⑥ posed by automobiles will involve in the interpersonalcommunication as well as people’s physical conditions, for, due to the spacecrammed with automobiles, people would find no room to walk, to jog, toperform what they used to do in the open air. Moreover, dirt, noise exhaust,parked cars and smog would make the urban outdoors unpleasant to live in.
Yet there is no inherent⑦ incompatibility⑧ between man in an urban setting andthe automobiles. It is all the matter of personal choices and behaviors. Ournational conditions don’t allow too many personal cars to run in the land. Nordo we want cars to seize our living space. We take it for granted thateveryone could enjoy the pleasure of stretching his legs freely, breathing andsniffing the air cheerfully, “taking in” the people, “taking in” the city.
②switch … to …：把…（從…）轉移到 …
③were the tendency not to be checked：此部分采用了倒裝句式，還原后為：if the tendency were notto be checked
④bear the brunt of：首當其中；成為…的解密景點主要對象
organiz 組織 professor 教授
chairman 主席 major 主要的
approximately大約 excellent 精彩的
the students union學生會
the center of students' activities學生活動中心
signe up for 報名
be scheduled to預定，定于
on behalf of代表
Dear professor sky,
As the chairman of the students union in this university who is in charge oforganizing the upcoming English speech contest,I am writing for the purpose ofinviting you to be one of the major judges.
To begin with,this contest is scheduled to start at19:00 on June26 in theCenter of Students' Activities and last for approximately2 addition,on behalfof students,I am deeply grateful for your excellent teaching in English speechand it is your efforts that enable a host of youngest,including me to enhanceour English ,compared with the past years,more students become confident thisyear and they have singned up for the contest.
Finally,all of us hope that you can be one of the main judges for the contestand give professional comments.
we are convinced that with your support,the contest will be successful and weare looking forward to your favorable reply at your convience.
? 預測一 倡議學生重視漢字書寫
With the development of technology, more and more students prefer to useelectric products for taking notes and sending messages, rather than write onthe paper. Thus , our handwriting is not as good as it was in the past. Facingthe problem, we should do as follows:
First, we should use less electric products when learning. If so , we can havemore opportunities to improve our handwriting. Besides，we must form the habitof practising calligraphy every day. What's more, it is better to writeletters to our relatives and friends by hand instead of sending e-mails.
Beautiful and neat handwriting, is of great benefit to us students. So let'stake action right now! I'm sure our efforts will pay off!
? 預測二 應征漢語學習顧問
I’ve learned from your post that you are recruiting an adviser to help youlearn Chinese so I’m writing to recommend myself.
I’m Li Hua, a student from Xinhua High School. First of all, as an out-going,friendly and open person, I love making friends and helping them with theirstudies. Besides, I can speak both English and Chinese fluently. Moreimportantly, in my spare time, I love reading books about Western and Chineseculture and customs. I think we are sure to help each other make progress ifyou choose me as your adviser.
I believe I’m the right person you’re looking for. Looking forward to yourreply.
? 預測三 介紹富有特色的中國禮物
I’m glad to hear that you are coming back home during the summer holiday andyou want to bring a few gifts for your mother that symbolize the Chineseculture.
In my opinion, you can buy the following two presents. First of all,cheongsam, a very beautiful traditional dress for Chinese women, can show thereal beauty of a woman, thus I am sure that your mother will like it verymuch. What’s more, the Chinese knot, which is pretty decoration popular withChinese, is usually hung in the sitting room of our home. It stands for unityand good luck. Meanwhile, I’m convinced that it will bring good luck andhappiness to your family.
Have a good vacation and remember me to your mother.
? 預測四 邀請朋友參加中國國畫展覽
How are you? I’m happy to know you are in charge of a teenage art exhibitionnext month. As you know I’m good at Chinese painting and some of them have wonprizes in China. Recently I completed a new painting which is about an old manfishing on the river. When you observe the painting, you will be amazed at thebeauty of Mother Nature and realize the importance of having a peaceful mind.I wonder if my painting could be displayed along with other works then.
Attached you will find a photo of my painting. I’m looking forward to yourreply.
? 預測五 介紹茶文化
I'm glad to hear from you. And now I’m very happy to share something aboutChinese tea culture in reply to your last e-mail.
Chinese tea culture started about 4,000 years ago and drinking tea graduallybecame an amazing tradition. In China, people drink tea almost everywhere andin most of their spare time. Some Chinese believe that tea benefits people’shealth a lot. Drinking a cup of tea makes people relaxed and refreshed. Otherstreat guests or friends to tea drinking in social communication.
Probably, you’ve got a general picture of tea culture after my introduction.Then, how about coming to China to experience it yourself? Maybe, you willfall in love with it.
? 預測一 健康生活
根據下面提示以Have a healthy lifestyle為題寫一篇短文。
參考詞匯：交流communicate 心理健康 mental health
Have a healthy lifestyle
As we all know, health is very important. Only when we are healthy can westudy w ell and enjoy life.
However, many teenagers don’t pay any attention to their health, especiallyduring the holiday. And they spend too much time watching TV, playing gamesand chatting on the Internet all night, which is bad for their health. First,this may make them get near-sighted. Besides, their bodies become much weaker.Thirdly, they will lose the chance to communicate with others face to face asthey never go out, which may have a bad effect on their mental health.
In my opinion, they should spend less time in front of the TV or the computer.Go out to take some exercise, play some sports and visit some friends and havea healthy lifestyle.
? 預測一 因參加綠色城市活動向朋友征集建議
Dear Jim ,
How are you doing? I’m writing to seek your help, as I meet with some problemswhile planning a Green City Campaign.
We plan to organize the campaign like this: First, a series of lecturesrelated environmental protection will be arranged, thus arousing people’sawareness of living a low-carbon life. This will be followed by a discussionabout ways of saving water, paper and electricity at school. But how can weput them into practice and make them our daily routine? After all, we can onlyrealize our goal through small acts in our daily life. I’m struck andwondering if you could give me some practical advice as I know you haveorganized similar activities.
Looking forward to your early reply!
? 預測二 關于“白色污染”
參考詞匯：塑料袋：plastic bag禁令 ban 意識 awareness 提倡 advocate
The problem of “white pollution” caused by used plastic is becomingincreasingly serious, in which plastic shopping bags play an important role.While plastic bags bring us much convenience in our daily life, they also leadto a kind of serious environmental pollution. They can be found everywhere,from lands to rivers, and even in the sky, which results in a great waste ofresources and heavy environmental pollution.
Luckily, The government has put a nationwide ban on the use of free plasticbags, demanding that all stores and supermarkets not provide customers withfree plastic bags. The rule will undoubtedly reduce the use of plastic bagsand enhance the awareness of environmental protection.
As students, we should do our part to cut back on the use of plastic bags. Forexample, we had better have meals in our canteen instead of bringing food backwith plastic bags. It is also highly advocated that we should turn to clothbags or shopping baskets from now on. We must act now before it is too late!
? 預測三 節約用水
As we know, water is very important to man, we can’t live without water. Theamount of water which is suitable to drink is less and less. But some peopledon’t care about it. They waste a lot of water in their daily life. Evenworse, they pour dirty water into rivers. They throw rubbish into rivers, too.Many rivers and lakes are seriously polluted.
Something must be done to stop the pollution. And I think it’s a great shameto waste while millions are in great need of water. I think what we can do isthat we have to save every drop of water as possible as we can. For example,we must turn off the tap immediately after we use it. We can use a basin towash our hands and faces. It’s also a good idea to encourage my friends andfamily members to join me! Only in this way can we live happily. If we don’tsave water, the last drop of water will be a tear-drop of us.
I believe if everyone makes a little effort, we can make a big difference.
? 預測四 征集環保志愿者
Dear brothers and sisters，
On behalf of the University Students' Union, I am earnestly calling for youractive participation in our environmental protection campaign. The people justcan not sustain his glorious civilization without a rewarding environment, soit is our duty to make considerable efforts to protect the environment.
Do you want to volunteer in environmental protection? Here is a great one notto be missed by any enthusiastic youth. Next Saturday, our university will runa publicity campaign to advocate environmental protection across the city. TheUniversity Students' Union will be in charge of recruitment of volunteers.
Let's join our hands and take action immediately.
University Students' Union
? 預測五 保護環境
近年來，我國大部分地區遭受霧霾侵襲，造成這一現象的主要原因是工廠排出的廢氣和汽車尾氣等，低碳、環保已成為當今時代的主題，從我們身邊的小事做起，保護環境?，F請以“Let'sDo Something to Save Our Environment”為題，寫一篇短文。
Let's Do Something to save Our Environment
We all live on the earth. The earth is our home. We have only one earth. Wemust take care of it. If we harm it, we will have a terrible end. There arethree problems in our earth, which are pollution,disaster and illness.
It's our duty to protect our environment. So everyone should do something tosave our environment. First, we should save every drop of water, such asturning off the taps after using it and recycling the water. For example, wecan water the plants and clean the rest room with our used , we should saveenergy, such as turning off the lights when we leave, doing more walking, morebicycling and less driving and so on. Third, we should ask our government tocontrol the pollution from the factories.
Let's act now to save our environment. If everyone makes a contribution toprotecting the environment, the earth will become much more beautiful.
? 預測一 給沉迷于電腦朋友的建議
參考詞匯：沉溺于be/become addicted to 網癮：Internet addiction
I am glad to hear from you. As your close friend, I’d like to talk about theharm of Internet addiction to you as I feel worried to know that you havewasted lots of valuable time playing the Internet games.
As we know, the Internet is a convenient tool to improve our knowledge andskills. However, our life will be greatly affected if we are addicted to it.For example，your grades may go down and your health will be going from bad toworse. To make things worse, it can also damage the relationship with yourfamily.
So I think it is high time that you got rid of the bad habit. It is a goodidea for you to read some meaningful books and do some physical exercise.I amlooking forward to hearing your good news soon．
? 預測二 關于“拒為低頭族”為主題的演講
現在越來越多的人成為低頭族（People who can’t help checking their phones all day are known asphubbers. Phubbing trends to involve not only the young people, but also theelderly.)，如何引導低頭族抬頭？你們班在英語課上舉行了以“拒為低頭族”為主題的演講。假設你是學生李華，請你寫一篇100詞左右的演講稿。
Good morning, everyone!
Nowadays, we can see many people are watching their mobile phones in subway,restaurants, elevators, roads and so on. There is no denying that people wholike the mobile phone are concerned about its attractive functions. Phubberscan’t stop sending messages, surfing the Internet, listening to music and eventaking photos by using the mobile phone. Moreover, some people have less timeto relax themselves. They make use of the time when they are on the way toschool or other places to play mobile games.
However, phubbing disturbs not only our study but also our life. On the onehand, phubbers waste lots of time playing cell phone games and sendingmessages, particularly in class. Other people also complain they are disturbedwhen phones ring in classrooms. On the other hand, it can lead to healthproblems. For instance, using a mobile phone on the sofa can cause back andneck pain.
As far as I am concerned, it is high time that we threw away the mobile phoneand raised our heads up. Do cherish everything around us and appreciate thescenery ahead of us. What’s more, we should do more exercises and take part inreal-life activities. In a word, only when we use the mobile phone reasonably,can we realize the happiness of ’s all. Thank you!
? 預測三 描述未來人工智能的發展狀況及利弊
As we all know , the time of 5G technology is coming , it is called the fourthindustrial revolution , future of computer science lies in the artificialintelligence，it is the research and artificial simulation of human thought andeventually be able to make a human like to think the same machine , for humanservices and to help people solve problems.
After all, people thought it was unique, there are feelings, there are avariety of character, this will be very difficult to achieve in the fact, todo the same as the human thinking machine, the only one of the artificialintelligence, is by no means all. Through the study of artificialintelligence, it can resolve all kinds of scientific problems, promote thedevelopment of other science will have a great impact on all people's lives .
I believe that the science of artificial intelligence is waiting for humanityto explore it step by step .
? 預測四 移動支付的好處
The Advantages of Online Payment
Online payment has been advocated around the world, which is the future way topay bills. In China, Alipay is popular everywhere, even the small business canbe finished by this advanced way.
People play the joke that they don’t need to worry about the lack of cash. Theadvantages of online payment are obvious. Firstly, it saves people’s time topay ills. The use of online payment is carried out with a smart phone.Especially when we go to the supermarket, there are always a lot of peoplewaiting in the long line.
The process of costing customers’ time is to take out the cash or use thecredit card, because both customers and cashiers need to count the money orcheck the bills. But now the cashier can just scan the phone and the bill willbe paid and the customer can check , people don’t have to worry about gettingthe fake cash.
Many years ago, people were easy to get fake money as they received thechange. But now, as the cash have been used less, people won’t receive thefake cash without paper money. With the development of new applications, ourlife will be much convenient.
? 預測五 網絡購物
With the development of the Internet and the popularization of computers,shopping on the Internet has become a commonplace in our life.
Here consumers can buy almost everything they need. Shopping on the Internethas a lot of advantages, of which the most important is perhaps itsconvenience. People don't have to waste a lot of their energy and precioustime to go from one shop to another to choose the commodities they like.
This is especially desirable to the old, the sick and the busy people whocannot go to the shops in person. The goods come in all shapes, sizes andcolors on the Internet. All they need to do is to sit in front of theircomputers and click the mouses. The commodities they order will bedelivered（運送）to them promptly.
However, shopping on the Internet also has its disadvantages. The firstdisadvantage is that the consumers can't see the goods or try them onpersonally. Sometimes, the real goods may not be the same as what they haveseen on the computer.
The second disadvantage is that some shops on the Internet are not registered.They will never deliver anything to you after they get the money from you.Once cheated, you will find that you have nowhere to go to complain.
假定你是李華, 你的筆友Tom想來中國旅游, 體驗中國高鐵, 請根據以下內容回一封電郵。
2、鑒于中國地域遼闊、人口眾多的特點, 簡單介紹高鐵在中國大城市的施建以及其相比較其它交通方式所點的優勢。 (參考詞匯：高鐵 CRH或high-speed train)
1. We should creditCRH withenabling Chinese to travel easily andrapidly, as a result of which, CRH nowadays outweighsmany other means oftransportation.
2. China has to build a network of CRH, to coordinatethe present limitedapproaches withthe ever-increasing population.
3. Covering a vast area and holding a large population, China attaches greatimportance tomeeting the demand of travelling with high speed vehicles,among which is the newly-built CRH.
4. More importantly, it offers passengers great experience at a relativelyacceptableprice, which is friendly tothose who don’t have much money.
5. In order to meet people’s demandon transportation, the China’sgovernment investsa lot of money to construct the biggest and the mostefficient transport network- the CRH net, in which almost every important cityis connected.
Glad to hear from you! Learning that you yearn tovisit China and have a tryon high-speed trains, I’d like to show my sincere welcome and introducesomething relevant to you.
It is widely acknowledged thatChina covers a vast land and has alarge population, on account of which, CRH is highly appreciated.What makes it a realityis that Chinese technology in transportation hasgreatly improved in the past ten years. No wonder there are so many CRHstations in big cities and towns.
Travelling becomes easier because of CRH. People can go everywhere they want,whichin the past was undreamed of. Compared withcars, high-speed trains are apparently much faster and safer. In addition, you can enjoythe ever-changingscenery along the trip which is inaccessiblewhen youare on a plane. It seems that CRH is second to none!
In my opinion, to have a trip on CRH in China will definitely leave a deepimpression onyou. Hope you will have fun here!
I am more than glad to know that you are going to visit China and experiencethe high-speed train. Welcome to China and wish you an unforgettable triphere!
Coveringa vast area, China also featuresa large population, forwhichCRH has been constructed nationwide, shortening the distancebetween cities and bringing convenience topeople with its high speed. CRHstations are built in nearly every big city, going throughsmall townsalong the routes. Tough as it was, even the CRH in Qingzang wasconstructed.
Compared with other means of transportation such as cars and planes, it isthe CRH’s higher speed than cars’ and lower price than planes’ thatappeal topeople. Besides, travelers on high-speed trains can enjoy thebeautiful scenery outside the window. In addition, high-speed trains arestable while working, whichprovides travelers with a pleasant trip.
It is my heart-felt hope that you will have a good time in China!
Hearing that you intend to come to China and get a glimpse ofthe high speedtrain here. I’m more than glad to welcome you and tell you something related.
First builtin big cities, high-speed train network in China mainlylie paralleling the traditional railway tracks. So broad is ourcountrythat by no meanscan such a large population be carried just byconventional transportations. Withthe growth in economy and populationin China, requirements for high speed trains are evident. Nowadays, CRH isconnecting major cities across China, helpingthe cooperativedevelopment and communication between them.
Compared with other means of transport, CRH has more advantages. Initially,its speed is no doubt the highest on land. Besides, a journey by high speedtrain also has a special charmabout it. Lakes, forests, and wild openplains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view. To put it ina nutshell, it offers both convenience and leisure in the meantime.
Looking forward to your early reply and arrival.
I sincerely welcome you to China, which has the distinction ofbeing themost advanced country when it comes to CRH.
China possesses a vast land and a large population, thus the construction ofCRH is no doubt an inevitableresult of social development. What delightsusis that the past decade has witnessedthe rapid development of CRHindustry, makingit no longer a rare occurrence in China.
In comparison toother means of transportation, CRH bears the hallmarks ofa combination of safety, high speed, convenience as well as comfortable ridingexperience, whichobviously distinguishes itself from others. Theincreasing important role it plays in people’s life is exactly the mirror ofCRH’s coordination with the fast-pacedlife pattern of this era. Besides,should you sitby the window on a high-speed train, you wouldcertainly beentirely immersed inthe fascinating sight slipping by yourwindow.
Delighted to know your intention to travel in China and experience the high-speed train for the first time, I would like to extend my genuine welcome andintroduce you to the CRH.
With the distinction ofa vast land and a dense population, China hasresolvedto ease/relieve the traffic pressurewhich accounts for theappearance of CRH. Great contributions by Chinese exceptional engineers madethe construction of CRH a reality. Its network not only succeeds in providingan easier access to travelling but also strengthens the bonds between cities,thus promotingthe development of economy.
Compared with other vehicles, CRH has an obvious edge withits speed secondonly to planesbut affordable fare. In the meantime, the thoughtful servicein combination withthe fascinating views during the trip makes it the firstchoice for tourists.
In a word, no trip to China would be complete without an experience of theCRH.
How is everything going? Upon receivingyour letter saying that you aregoing to experience the high-speed train in China, I am overwhelmed with joyand delight. Please allow me to extend my sincere welcome to you first.
Acknowledging your keen interest in the CRH, I suggest you take the high-speedtrain from Guangzhou to Beijing as your first experience. As you know, China,a country blessed witha broad area, a profound culture and a longhistory, has taken on a new look with the rapid development of the CRH. Ontop of that, in contrast withgeneral trains, the CRH can speed up to 300km/h. More to the point, with simpler boarding process(安檢過程), the CRH canoffer a more comfortable trip than planes. Last but not least, its low-carbondesign makes it more ecologicalthan cars. Consequently, the CRH is secondto none.
There’s still a long way for the development of the CRH, so on no accountshouldwe stay stagnant(停滯的). To witness our technology prosperity, Istrongly recommend you to give it a try!